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A ceiling is an overhead interior surface that bounds ("ceils") the upper limit of a room. It is generally not a structural element, but a finished surface concealing the underside of the floor or roof structure above.
Ceilings are classified according to their appearance or construction. A cathedral ceiling is any tall ceiling area similar to those in a church. A dropped ceiling is one in which the finished surface is constructed anywhere from a few inches to several feet below the structure above it. This may be done for aesthetic purposes, such as achieving a desirable ceiling height; or practical purposes such as providing a space for HVAC or piping. An inverse of this would be a raised floor. A concave or barrel shaped ceiling is curved or rounded, usually for visual or acoustical value, while a coffered ceiling is divided into a grid of recessed square or octagonal panels, also called a lacunar ceiling. A cove ceiling uses a curved plaster transition between wall and ceiling; it is named for cove molding, a molding with a concave curve.
Ceilings have frequently been decorated with fresco painting, mosaic tiles and other surface treatments. While hard to execute (at least in place) a decorated ceiling has the advantage that it is largely protected from damage by fingers and dust. In the past, however, this was more than compensated for by the damage from smoke from candles or a fireplace. Many historic buildings have celebrated ceilings. Perhaps the most famous is the Sistine Chapel ceiling by Michelangelo.
- Beam ceiling
- Coffered ceiling
- Dropped ceiling
- Camp ceiling
- Hammerbeam roof
- Hollow-core slab
- Luminous ceiling
- Moulding (decorative)
- Popcorn ceiling
- Scottish Renaissance painted ceilings
- Stretch ceiling
- Tin ceiling
- Media related to Ceilings at Wikimedia Commons
|Look up ceiling in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
cs:Strop da:Loft (flade) de:Decke (Bauteil) es:Techo eo:Plafono (arkitekturo) fa:سقف fr:Plafond (architecture) ga:Síleáil id:Langit-langit it:Soffitto he:תקרה nl:Plafond (bouw) nds-nl:Plefon ja:天井 pl:Strop (budownictwo) pt:Teto ru:Перекрытие simple:Ceiling sv:Innertak uk:Перекриття yi:סופיט zh:天花板