Hollow core slab, also known as a voided slab or hollow core plank (German: Hohlkörperplatte, Dutch: Kanaalplaat or Welfsel, Norwegian: hulldekke,Swedish: håldäck, Finnish: ontelolaatta,Icelandic: Holplata) is a kind of precast slab of prestressed concrete, typically used in the construction of floors in multi-story apartment buildings. The slab has been especially popular in countries where the emphasis of home construction has been on affordable housing, including socialist countries of Eastern Europe. Also used often in Nordic countries because of the temperature and weather conditions.
The precast concrete slab has tubular voids extending the full length of the slab, typically with a diameter nearly equal to the thickness of the slab. This makes the slab much lighter than a massive floor of equal thickness or strength. The slabs are typically 120cm wide with standard thicknesses between 15cm and 50cm. The precast concrete I-beams between the holes contain the steel rods that provide the majority of the tensile stress that hold the slabs together under heavy loads.
Slabs are usually produced in lengths of about 20 meters. The process involves extruding wet concrete along with the steel rods from a moving mold. The continuous slab is then cut according to the lengths required on the construction site. Factory production provides the obvious advantages of reduced time, labor and training.
Hollow-core slabs are poor sound insulators. To meet modern standards of soundproofing the floor needs to be covered with a soft floor covering that is able to dampen the sound of footsteps. An alternative is to use a thin "floating" slab of concrete insulated from the voided slabs.
However, as the hollow-core slabs are mainly stationary air inside. Thus, they are excellent thermal insulators and they require very little building insulation. This is a contributory factor especially in countries and climates where annual temperature variation can be great, such as in Scandinavia.
|This page uses Creative Commons CC-BY-SA licensed content from Hollow-core slab on Wikipedia (view authors).|