A rabbet (also known as rebate) is a recess or groove cut into the edge of a piece of machineable material, usually wood. When viewed in cross-section, a rabbet is two-sided and open to the edge or end of the surface into which it is cut.
An example of the use of a rabbet is in a glazing bar where it makes provision for the insertion of the pane of glass and putty. It may also accommodate the edge of the back panel of a cabinet. It is also used in door and casement window jambs. A rabbet can be used to form a joint with another piece of wood (often containing a dado).
A rabbet can be cut by the following methods:
- Electric router using a straight or rebate bit
- Rebate plane or a shoulder plane
- Circular saw with multiple passes (depending on width and depth)
- Dado set in a single pass
- Spindle moulder
- Hand saw and chisel
- Jointer equipped with a rabbet ledge
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