A verandah or veranda is a roofed opened gallery or porch. It is also described as an open pillared gallery, generally roofed, built around a central structure. It is often partly enclosed by a railing and frequently extends across the front and sides of the structure.
History of termEdit
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word verandah originated in India where it is found in several native languages. However, it may have been an adaptation of the Portuguese or older Spanish varanda (baranda or barandilla in modern Spanish), again borrowed from Indian languages, referring to a railing, balustrade or balcony. The distinctive style of Indian architecture evolved from a hybrid of east and west. The veranda is one of the many new hybrid architectural elements.
Although the form "verandah" is correct and very common, some authorities prefer the version without an h (the OED gives the h version as a variant, and the Guardian Style Guide says "veranda not verandah").
Architecture styles notable for verandahs Edit
The verandah has featured quite prominently in Australian vernacular architecture and first became widespread in colonial buildings during the 1850s. The Victorian Filigree architecture style is used by residential (particularly Terraced houses in Australia and New Zealand) and commercial buildings (particularly hotels) across Australia and features decorative screens of wrought iron, cast iron "lace" or wood fretwork. The Queenslander is a style of residential construction in Queensland, Australia which is adapted to subtropical climates and characterized by its large verandahs, often in the Filigree style.
- ↑ Poppeliers, John C. (1983). What Style is it?. New York: John Wiley & Sons. p. 106. ISBN 0471144347.
- ↑ "Glossary of Anglo-Indian words - verandah". University of Chicago. http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.2:1:413.hobson. Retrieved 2007-01-11.
- ↑ Ching, Francis D.K. (1995). A Visual Dictionary of Architecture. New York: John Wiley and Sons. p. 25. ISBN 0-471-82451-3.
- ↑ "Verandah - Discussion forum". archnet.org. http://archnet.org/forum/view.tcl?message_id=11372. Retrieved 2007-01-11.
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