It is built of a light wooden frame covered with reindeer skins sewn together. A medium-size yaranga requires about 50 skins.
A large yaranga is hard to heat completely up. There is a smaller cabin called a polog built inside it, that can be kept warm and cosy.
Siberian Yupik Edit
The most numerous of the Siberian Yupik peoples, the Chaplino Eskimos (Ungazigmit) had a round, dome-shaped building for winter. Literature refers to it as a "yaranga", the same term which the Chukchi people use, but the term used in the Chaplino Eskimos' language is mengteghaq (IPA: [mɨŋtˈtɨʁaq], extended Cyrillic: мыңтыӷақ). Its framework was made of posts. Tarpaulins were used for covering the framework. The yaranga was surrounded by sod or planking around the base. There was a smaller cabin within the yaranga at the rear, used for sleeping and living. It was separated from the outer, cooler parts of the yaranga with haired reindeer skins and grass, supported by a cage-like framework. In the language of Chaplino Eskimos, it was called [aːɣra], a word borrowed from the Chukchi language. Household duties were done in the larger outer room of the yaranga in front of this inner building. In winter storms, and also at night, the dogs were there. This room for economical purposes was called [naˈtɨk].
See also Edit
- ↑ Countries and Their Cultures - Chukchi: Living Conditions
- ↑ Collis, Dirmid R. F. "Arctic Languages: An Awakening". Unesco, 1990. page 72
- ↑ "Chukchi art". http://dinets.travel.ru/chukart.htm.
- ↑ Рубцова 1954: 514
- ↑ Рубцова 1954: 515
- ↑ Рубцова 1954: 100–101
- ↑ Рубцова 1954: 518–520
- ↑ Рубцова 1954: 521
- Рубцова, Е. С. (1954) (in Russian). Материалы по языку и фольклору эскимосов (чаплинский диалект). Москва • Ленинград: Академия Наук СССР. The transliteration of author's name, and the rendering of title in English: Rubcova, E. S. (1954). Materials on the Language and Folklore of the Eskimoes, Vol. I, Chaplino Dialect. Moscow • Leningrad: Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
Chukchi yaranga Edit
Siberian Yupik dwelling Edit
- "Поселок Унгазик (Чаплино)" (in Russian). Музея антропологии и этнографии им. Петра Великого (Кунсткамера) Российской академии наук. http://www.kunstkamera.ru/exhibitions/virtualnye_vystavki/forshtejn/poselok_ungazik/. Rendering in English: Ungazik settlement, Kunstkamera, Russian Academy of Sciences. Old photos about former life of a Siberian Yupik settlement, including those of a various house types, both inside and outside.
- Vajda, Edward J. (2000). "Siberian Yupik (Eskimo)". East Asian Studies. Introduction to Nomadic Cultures. http://pandora.cii.wwu.edu/vajda/ea210/aleut.htm.
Siberian Yupik yarangas Edit
Process of construction Edit
- "Building of winter dwelling in Naukan village - wall placement". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/naukan/115-36.shtml.
- "Building of winter dwelling in Naukan village - walls are placed". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/naukan/115-37.shtml.
- "Building of winter dwelling in Naukan village - entrance placement". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/naukan/115-38.shtm.
- "Building of winter dwelling in Naukan village - covering by wooden boards". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/naukan/115-39.shtm.
- "Winter yaranga in Ungazik village". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-33.shtml.
- "Winter tent in Ungazik village". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-34.shtml.
- "Galmui's family". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-112.shtml.
- "Attyrak fest at Eskimo Matlu - bidarrah settling". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-122.shtml.
- "Attyrak fest at Eskimo Matlu - settling whalerboat control". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-123.shtml.
- "Fest of Seal Heads at Eskimo Matlu - seal heads at tent". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-140.shtml.
- "Fest of Seal Heads at Eskimo Matlu - common food". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-145.shtml.
- "Mother with child". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-95.shtml.
- "Shaman kamlanie. Galmui sings". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-108.shtml.
- "Shaman kamlanie. Galmui sings 2". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-109.shtml.
- "Shaman kamlanie. Galmui in trance". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-110.shtml.
- "Shaman kamlanie. Galmui foresees". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-111.shtml.
- "Sayak fest. Sacrificial lamp — up". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-113.shtml.
- "Sayak fest. Sacrificial lamp — down". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-114.shtml.
- "Tea. Eskimo Panaui's family". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-148.shtml.
Modernization of dwelling among Siberian Yupik Edit
Right-angled yaranga Edit
- "Right-angled winter yaranga in Ungazik village (front view)". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-44.shtml.
- "Right-angled winter yaranga in Ungazik village (back view)". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-45.shtml.
Beyond yarangas: modern houses Edit
- "American-type house in Ungazik village". http://web1.kunstkamera.ru/exhibition/forsht/eng/chaplino/115-55.shtml.
This page is being imported from Wikipedia, to create a Wikidwelling stub or article. These steps need to be completed: